Creating ASP.NET Core MVC Integration Tests – Getting Started

Tests should be created to make your life easier down the line. When you may or my not have to add new functionality or rework some previous code. However Unit tests may not always be enough, so we end up using integration testing as well.

Prerequisites :

*  You might run into some issues when trying to add the necessary using statements. Its a known issue (

In this post I will take about creating a test to check if a particular form is properly rendering as HTML.

Here is what your test controller should look like.

You maybe asking at this point what about our database how will we actually be testing if our application performs CRUD operations properly ? Well for that we are going to being the In-memory database provider for Entity Framework. So that we never actually end up touching our actual DBs.

The only change you have to make once you have added the package is checking if you in development or not in your Startup.cs file. As seen below:

And that is it. Now your ready to start integration testing in .NET Core MVC 🙂

WTF is Bubble Sort ?

Bubble sort is a type of sorting algorithm. Its not the best for everything but it does have its uses. It gets its name since it makes the largest values “bubble” to the top. Bubble sort does its job by using pair comparisons. So it takes the current value and compares it to it’s neighbor directly to the right.

Below you can see what I mean. We first take 5 and compare it 3, then ask the question “is 5 greater then 3 ? ” Then if it is, 5 switches places with 3 and if it isn’t then they stay in the same place, and move on to the next value.


Here you can see a non optimized implementation of it:


Map vs Reduce vs Filter in JavaScript

So these methods are part of the “functional” aspect of JavaScript. JavaScript is a strange language in a good way. Before we get into this, know that all these methods above try to replace the “for” loop, or any other type of loop you can think of.

Some of you might be saying, “I like my loops thank you very much, it is in every language out there !”. And yes that is very true, however these make writing a whole loop for something trivial a thing of the past. So lets get on with it, its not as hard as you probably things it is.

All these methods only working on arrays. And they never modify the array you apply them to. They just return a new array.


As in Mapping “X” to “Y”, or transforming X into Y. In the case of JavaScript you are making a map of your values. You basically just give it a function (could be anonymous) and it applies it to each array element, and forms a new array.


As in reducing something to its essence, or compressing something down. In the case of JavaScript you are taking all your values in an array, and compressing them into something useful.


As in finding something based on a certain set of parameters. I think you guys kinda already know what this particular method does.

I hope this helped you better understand Reduce, Map, and Filter 🙂

WTF is Token Authentication ?

So your working on a web app and you realize you want to allow them have accounts and login and out. To accomplish this, you can use a number of different things, or just use what ever your web framework (ASP.NET MVC, Express, Rails, and etc) of choose does.

Or you can use this thing called “Token Authentication”. Now what it is, is exactly what it sounds like, its just a token you pass between your client (browser) and server to validate your request.

You might be thinking well that sounds okay but what stops someone from capturing your token and pretending to be you. Or what would stops someone from making a fake token ?

JWT (JSON Web Token) stops all those things. It is self contained and can hold a variety of different information. Its structure can be broken down into three parts:

  1. Header (can be decoded by anyone)
    • Contains what algorithm was used to encrypt it
  2. Payload (can be decoded by anyone)
    • The info (user name, id, expiry date and etc) stored inside the token
    • Got to be careful with what type of info you put in here
  3. Signature
    • What the server uses to actually validate the token.
    • Generated by doing the following :
    • HMACSHA256( base64UrlEncode(header) + "." + base64UrlEncode(payload), secret)
    • That “secret” part is what is used to generate the signature, and lives on your server.


So that is why:

  1. A person cannot capture your token and infinity use it , since we can specify a expiry date.
  2. A person cannot make a fake one, since we hash the token with a secret that only lives on the server

A few cool side features of using a JWT is that the server does not need to validate the user by interacting with the data store. Which may be a big deal if you want to have a high performance application. The other cool feature is that since you have reduced your authentication method to a JWT, it gives you a lot more flexibility in what ( maybe a mobile app ) can interact with your API.

WTF is an Extension ?

Have you every want to modify your car ? Well if you have then you already know the basics of what a extension is. Since you modify something that someone else has made (maybe you also made it too, but thats okay).

OR have you ever been in a situation where, you are working on something. And you thought “maybe I should write a new class to extend this other class, that way I add to the functionality”. You could do that, “could” being the keyword there. OR you could just use Extentions 🙂

Extensions let you add new functionality to existing classes, structs, enumerations, or protocols. All you have to do is extended them.

WTF is a closure ?  (Swift)

Your going about your normal programming life. Everything is fine, your using functions and classes and variables, and etc. And you’ll be thinking “I got this programming thing pretty much in the bag”

But then you see “it” what “it” is your not sure. Its something coming out the side of your function … OMG is looks like another function. A function against a function ???

We all know what a function is, it is just piece of code that we can use in different places. It some times takes in varables and spits them out. This is all “normal”, however what if I told you that you could return a function from a function ? Or even add a function as a input value ? Pretty crazy right ?

Some of you out there might be thinking, “why would you need this ? stop making things soo complicated !” Well if you want your applications to run asynchronously, your gonna wanna use closures when ever you do something that takes alot of time.

So the use case would go something like this:You wanna log someone in, and execute something else as soon as it finishs, without freezing up the UI (in a iOS app).

Instead of doing it the standard way of writing the code that needs to be executed right after the method call. You can just pass the login function, another function to execute once done.

The in depth code will come in part two.

Hope you found the theory behind it easy to understand 😅

A Blog With Rails


Warning this only works on Mac OS.

Now before you start thinking your going to make the next WordPress, let me just say we are only going to be making the MVP of a blogging site, that’s right a MVP. What is a MVP you may ask ? It stands for Minimum Viable Product, this thing we are about to build is just a web app that has CRUD functionality. What is CRUD you ask ? CRUD is Create Read Update Destroy.

Don’t be afraid of the terminal, the terminal is your friend for life 🙂 you just got to treat it right.

Up and running:

  1. Install Home Brew, is manages the software you need to manage all the software, your going to use to make software. Just follow the instructions on here:
  2. Install Bundler, it manages the specific Ruby software libraries for your application. Type the following command “gem install bundler”.
  3. Install Nokogiri, it gives Ruby the ability to understand HTML and CSS among other things. Type the following command “gem install nokogiri”. This is going to take awhile, chill out and take a break you have been working too hard 🙂
  4. Install Rails, its the thing that you build on top of, to make your web application. Ruby the language has libraries for doing different things. Rails is just a really big library for making web based applications.  As you may have guess just type in “gem install rails”.


Making a Rails App:

  1. CD into a folder you would like to be in and run the following command “rails new <name of your app here> -T “
  2. Now if you look into the folder you just ran this command in, you will see a folder with the name of your app. Open this with your favorite text editor, VSCode is always a good choice.
  3. CD into the newly created folder, and make your database. You can do this by running “rails db:create” and then running “rails db:migrate”. What this is doing is creating a database, and then populating it with boiler plate info.
  4. Now run “rails s” and go to the URL is gives you. You should see your app, YAY you made your first rails app 🙂 If the URL isn’t working try using http: or http:


Actually making the Blog:

  1. Run “rails g scaffold Blog title:string body:text”. What this command will do is create a Blog object, that has a title and a body and can be stored in our database. Rails knows this since “g” is for generate, “scaffold” is for create everything for me, and the rest is specify what type of things you want there to be, in the object you are creating.
  2. Now you got to let the database know about this blog object you made. To do so simply run “rails db:migrate”
  3. Finally the moment you have been waiting for, run your app with “rails s” and ta-da you go your self a working rails app 🙂